About Active Transportation (Walking and Biking) 

What is Active Transportation?
Active transportation is human-powered transportation including: walking, bicycling, the use of strollers, wheelchairs/mobility devices, skateboarding, rollerblading and more.  Active transportation engages people in healthy physical activity.  Active transportation also supports transit because most trips involving public transportation also include a walking or bicycling component.  Walkable and bikeable communities are places where it is safe, easy and comfortable to make an active trip.  Streets are connected and integrated with walking and biking trails and paths; safe crossings of busy streets are frequent; directional signs make it easy to navigate; pedestrian and bicycle routes connect to desired destinations.

Benefits of Active Transportation
Active transportation has many benefits. The main ones can be grouped into five broad categories: Health, Mobility, Neighborhood livability, Economy & Environment

By definition, active transportation allows people to build physical activity into everyday life, by enabling them to walk or bike to their destinations. Even a moderate amount of daily exercise has an impressive range of benefits to both physical and mental health. These benefits range from lower risk of heart disease, adult-onset diabetes, high-blood pressure and stress to more energy, flexibility and muscle strength. Of course, physical activity can also help combat our much-publicized obesity crisis. In addition, by enabling people to drive—and pollute—less, active transportation can reduce the number of traffic collisions and lead to lower asthma rates.

Did you know?
-55% of American adults do not meet minimum recommended levels of physical activity.
-Two-thirds of adults, and nearly one-third of children, are considered overweight or obese, with obesity-related health care costs now estimated at $160 billion per year.
-Residents in communities with sidewalks are 65% more likely to walk.
-Teens who walk or bike to school watch less TV and are less likely to smoke.
-The health benefits to individuals of walking and biking have major financial implications for society, since the federal and state governments pay 44% of health care costs.

Active transportation gives people who cannot drive more and cheaper options for getting around independently to meet everyday needs. Those who benefit most from improvements to walking and biking include children (particularly for going to school); many seniors and people with disabilities; and low-income people, for whom the cost of owning and operating a car can be prohibitive.

Transportation options are also important for drivers who would like to spend less time behind the wheel shuttling themselves or others around. Drivers also benefit from less congestion and demand for parking, as even a small number of people shifting to walking and biking can have an impact on traffic. (Think of how a slow-draining sink or bathtub can fill up and spill over from even a small change in water flow.)

Did you know?
-In a typical community, roughly a third of people cannot drive due to age, disabilities or low income.
-In 1969, almost half of children went to school on foot or by bike; by 2009, only 13% did.
-Seniors who do not drive make 65% fewer trips to visit family, see friends or go to church.
-28% of all trips are one mile or less yet two-thirds of these trips are made by car.
-The 3% drop in vehicle miles traveled in the economic crisis of 2008 produced a 30% drop in peak-period congestion during that year.

Neighborhood livability
To the extent that promoting active transportation leads people to walk and bike more and to drive less, it can improve the quality of life in our neighborhoods in important ways. When residents are out on foot or by bike, they interact more with neighbors. Residential streets become calmer and quieter, which, again, encourages interaction. Streets become safer, not only in terms of traffic but also in terms of crime, since pedestrians and cyclists “put more eyes on the street.” In ways that are rarely appreciated, walking and biking build community and create “social capital.”

Did you know…?
-Improving sidewalks, trails and other places for active transportation creates more attractive and vibrant communities. It is in such places that people typically interact in public, as they stand, wait, socialize and window-shop.
-Perhaps contrary to popular belief, per capita crime rates tend to be lower in more walkable communities. Better conditions for walking (and for cycling) increases the number of active participants, who act as deterrents to illegal or anti-social behavior and are readier to report threats.

Active transportation can benefit the bottom line of households, businesses and cities. The economic benefits of walking and biking include lower transportation costs for individuals and families; increased property values in traffic-calmed neighborhoods; savings to cities from less wear and tear on streets and less demand for roadway improvements and parking lots; a greater ability for cities and the region to attract new residents and employers; and a potential boost to regional tourism.

Did you know…?
-The average annual cost for owning and operating a car is almost $9,000, whereas walking is essentially free and bicycling is very low cost.
-Car-dependent households devote 20% more income to transportation than households in communities with more pedestrian- and bicycle-friendly streets.
-Homes in neighborhoods with a high WalkScore sell for $4,000 to $34,000 more than the average home.
-81% of millennials (generally people born in the 1980s and 1990s) say affordable and convenient transportation alternatives are at least somewhat important when deciding where to live and work.

In enabling people to make short trips on foot or by bike instead of by car, active transportation can help us address a number of environmental challenges. The most discussed, and perhaps most critical, environmental benefits of active transportation are reduced air pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases. They are not the only ones, however. Other environmental benefits include energy savings; less noise pollution; less water pollution; and even reduced pressure to develop agricultural and open space.

Did you know…
-30–45% of Americans live in areas impacted by traffic-related air pollution.
-Short car trips pollute more per mile because engines are less efficient during the first few minutes of operation. Because walking and biking tend to substitute for short trips, they provide relatively large energy savings: a 1% shift from driving to walking or biking reduces fuel consumption 2–4%.
-Driving can lead to water pollution from car fluids washing off streets and highways in the form of run-off; and from air pollution “depositing” into water bodies.
-Driving requires 15 times as much space—in the form of roads and parking—than biking, and about 100 times as much as walking.

For the complete document and references, see our document:

Monache High Videos

Monache High School Videos

Regional Active Transportation Plan


TCAG is in the process of preparing its first Regional Active Transportation Plan (RATP). The goal of the plan, called “Walk ‘n Bike Tulare County” for public-outreach purposes, is to make walking and biking throughout the county safer and more convenient. Toward that end, the plan will identify the highest-priority pedestrian and bicycle improvements for the county’s eight cities and its unincorporated areas. The plan will be the foundation for the pedestrian and bicycle component of the Tulare County Regional Transportation Plan.

The public review draft of the plan was released on March 22, 2016. Comments were requested by April 22, 2016 and were summarized at the TCAG Governing Board meeting on April 25. The comments were reviewed and appropriate changes and additions incorporated into the Final Draft RATP.

The Final Draft plan is now available:


You can also get a copy by contacting TCAG, 210 North Church St., Suite B, Visalia, California  93291 Phone (559)623-0450, Fax (559)733-6720 www.tularecog.org


You may contact Roberto Brady if you have any questions at RBrady@nulltularecog.org or at (559) 623-0451.

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Purpose & Background 
The primary focus of the Active Transportation Advisory Committee is to advice on non-motorized transportation issues in general and for identifying and prioritizing bicycle/pedestrian projects for Tulare County. The ATAC will make recommendations and foster cooperation among the jurisdictions, agencies, and stakeholders within the region of Tulare County to plan for and support of   the development of local and regional improvements for active transportation modes ( bicycling and walking), including Regional Safe Route to School, facility development, education, public outreach and evaluation. While the ATAC will provide comments and input on issues related to development of Regional Active Transportation Plan (RATP), the final decisions on the Regional Active Transportation Plan (RATP) will be the responsibility of the TCAG Board of Governors.

For more information, please contact Gabriel Gutierrez by email at ggutierrez@nulltularecog.org or by phone at (559) 623-0465.

Agendas and Minutes
Archived agendas archives are available here

Upcoming Events:

Posts and documents

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Active Transportation Program (ATP)

In September 2013, the Governor signed Senate Bill 99 (Chapter 359, Statutes 2013) and Assembly Bill 101 (Chapter 254, Statutes 2013) into law, creating the Active Transportation Program (ATP). The ATP consolidates a number of other funding sources intended to promote active transportation, such as the Bicycle Transportation Account and Transportation Alternatives Program, into one program.

ATP funds are separated into three main components, with funding distributed as follows:

  • 50% to the state for a statewide competitive program
  • 10% to the small urban and rural area competitive program to be managed by the state
  • 40% to the large urbanized area competitive program, with funding distributed by population and managed by the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) – also known as the Regional Competitive ATP

The California Transportation Commission (CTC) developed guidelines for the ATP, approved on March 20, 2014. The CTC Guidelines lay out the programming policies, procedures, and project selection criteria for not only the statewide competitive program, but also for the small urban/rural and large MPO regional competitive programs. Large MPO’s, such as TCAG, have the option of developing their own policies, procedures, and project selection criteria that differ from those adopted by the CTC, provided they are approved by the CTC.

Additional information for the Statewide and Regional Active Transportation Programs is below.


Active Transportation Program Cycle 2


Statewide Competitive ATP Funding 

The Cycle 2 Call for Projects began on March 26, 2015 and ends on June 1, 2015. The Statewide ATP Competition will have $60 million available for each fiscal year (FY’s 16/17, 17/18, and 18/19) for a total of $180 million.

Statewide Competitive ATP Links 

More information regarding the Cycle 2 Call for Projects and other information and guidance is available on the Caltrans ATP website

Regional Competitive ATP Funding
Cycle 2 of the Regional Competitive ATP will have a total of $1,869,000 available for the TCAG region ($623,000 for each Fiscal Year which covers FYs 16/17, 17/18, and 18/19).

Regional Competitive ATP Links
The following documents and links provide further information on the TCAG Regional Competitive ATP.

Contact Information
For additional information on the Active Transportation Program, please contact TCAG by calling
(559) 623-0450.

Active Transportation Program Cycle 3


Tulare County Association of Governments
MPO Competitive Project Selection Guidelines for
Cycle 3 of the Active Transportation Program
(Adopted May 16, 2016)

This document serves as TCAG’s Cycle 3 Local ATP Selection Guidelines. The guidelines substantially follow those of the California Transportation Commission, but include a number of differences based on the region’s existing policies and priorities.

TCAG will not issue a call for projects for the MPO competitive project selection process (MPO process). Only those projects submitted to Caltrans for consideration in the statewide competitive program will be considered for funding under the MPO process. One hard copy and one electronic copy (on CD or USB flash drive) of each application must be received by TCAG no later than June 15, 2016 to be considered in the MPO process.

Project Phasing and Segmentation

Due to the smaller amount of funding available under the MPO process, agencies will be allowed to phase or segment their projects. The agency must show that the project phase or segment is a useable segment and still qualifies for ATP funding. In addition, the agency must include a detailed description of all the changes proposed, revised project cost estimates, and cost/benefits changes associated with the revision(s). The following documents must be submitted:

1. Cover letter describing in detail the project revisions and an explanation of how the revised project is a useable segment and how the project still qualifies for ATP funding.
2. Revised engineer’s cost estimate
3. Revised Project Programming Request form
4. Description of Cost/Benefit changes as a result of the project revisions.

Project Scoring
TCAG will not use the scores received by each project under the statewide competitive program for its MPO process. Each project will be reviewed by the local project evaluation committee and given a new score.

Contingency List
TCAG will prepare a list of contingency projects, ranked in priority order based on the project’s evaluation score. TCAG would fund projects on the contingency list should there be any project failures or savings from projects selected for funding under the Cycle 3 MPO process. This will ensure full use all local ATP funds, and that no ATP funds are lost from the region. The contingency list is valid until the adoption of the next statewide ATP component project recommendations.

Scoring Criteria
Increasing Walking and Bicycling
In order to encourage agencies to submit infrastructure projects for funding through the Active Transportation Program, an additional 5 bonus points will be awarded under this criteria to projects that consist of Safe Routes to School infrastructure or Bicycle and/or Pedestrian infrastructure. If the project contains Non-Infrastructure elements, the cost for the non-infrastructure component cannot exceed 25% of the total project cost in order to be awarded the 5 bonus points.

Public Participation and Planning
The scoring criteria for the MPO process will emphasize those projects which are part of an adopted plan (general plan, specific plan, ATP plan, bike plan, etc.) and the project’s relationship to system planning. A map showing how the project fits within the adopted plan shall be submitted to TCAG at the time project’s initial application submittal to the statewide ATP competition. While not required for the statewide submittal, agencies are encouraged to include the map as part of the statewide submittal as it could result in a higher number of points being awarded under the Public Participation and Planning scoring criteria. (Note: should the project submitted for ATP funding be a part of the recently adopted Tulare County Regional Active Transportation Plan (RATP), maps which would satisfy this criteria are available in the RATP document).
Bonus Points: Projects which meet the criteria identified below will be awarded additional points as follows:

Additional Points
Projects which are a part of the Measure R expenditure plan
Projects which were previously funded under the Transportation Enhancement (TE) Program.
Projects which are part of an agency-adopted Complete Streets Plan or Policy, Local ATP Plan, or Regional ATP Plan.
*TCAG staff will perform the eligibility analysis for awarding the additional points.
Benefit to Disadvantaged Communities

The 2017 ATP Guidelines state that MPOs may use different criteria for determining which projects benefit Disadvantaged Communities if the criteria are approved by the Commission. TCAG will use the same criteria from the 2017 ATP Guidelines with the following exception:

Five (5) additional points will be awarded for projects benefiting severely disadvantaged communities (less than 60% of the statewide median income)

Past Performance on Grants
For the MPO competitive project selection process, the agency’s past performance on delivering CMAQ and ATP projects will be used in determining a score. TCAG staff will provide a score for this criterion.


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Bicycle Transportation Plan

The Tulare County Bicycle Transportation Plan was developed through the efforts of the Tulare County Association of Governments (TCAG) and the Bicycle Advisory Committee. The Bicycle Advisory Committee, staff from the cities of Dinuba, Exeter, Farmersville, Lindsay, Porterville, Tulare, Visalia, and Woodlake, County of Tulare, Caltrans, local cycling clubs, local service clubs and citizens interested in improving the bicycling environment in Tulare County. Without the sustained efforts of these organizations and citizens, the Regional Bicycle Plan would not have been developed. Though prepared under the auspice of TCAG, this plan was
intended to serve all local jurisdictions, and most importantly, the citizens ofTulare County. The most recent Tulare County Regional Bicycle Transportation Plan was completed in 2010. The need arises to update the Tulare County Regional Bicycle Plan to improve bicycle planning and meet state requirements which stipulate that a bicycle plan must be no more than four years old to be considered for Bicycle Transportation Account (BTA) funding.  The Bicycle Transportation Plan and Bicycle Advisory Committee has been absorbed into the ATP (Active Transportation Plan) and ATAC (Active Transportation Advisory Committee).

Bicycle Advisory Committee (BAC) 

The Bicycle Advisory Committee (BAC) is now the Active Transit Advisory Committee (ATAC), see top of this page. Archived minutes and agendas for the BAC can be found at http://www.tularecog.org/agendaandminutes/

Safe Routes to School (SR2S)

What is the Safe Routes to School (SR2S) Program? Established in 1999, the SR2S program came into effect from the passage and signing of Assembly Bill 1475 (AB 1475). In 2001 , Senate Bill 10 (SB 1 0) was enacted which extended the program for three additional years. In 2004, SB 1087 was enacted to extend the program three more years. A new bill, AB 57, was introduced in December 2006 to extend the program indefinitely, and is
currently in committees for review and approval. The goals of the program are to reduce injuries and fatalities to school children in grades K -12 and encourage increased walking and bicycling to school through improved safety.